Dambulla cave temple also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka, situated in the central part of the country. This site is situated 148 kilometres east of Colombo and 72 kilometres north of Kandy.
During your Dambulla tour you will learn that the cave complex itself is created by a large overhanding rock that spans the entire ledge, and it is this rock that helped shelter and hide King Valagamba for twelve years during the invasion of South Indians. The king reined during the first century BC but had to abandon his Kingdom during the invasion, seeking safety in what is now the Dambulla cave temple.
King Valagamba regained his Kingdom and as a mark of gratitude had the cave converted into Buddhist temples by constructing partitioning walls to create a number of separate templates under the overhanging rock. To protect the cave complex from heavy rain the king had a drip line carved into the rock to prevent water entering the temples.